HTTP redirects

Redirects in Divio projects will typically take place at one of two different levels:

  • in the application code itself (for example, in Django or PHP)

  • in the application’s web gateway or server (for example, in uWSGI or Nginx)

flowchart LR gateway <--> load-balancers subgraph Customer application code(application code) <--> gateway(application gateway/server) end load-balancers(Divio load-balancers)

An application can blur the distinction between these two levels, but most will include distinct code and gateway/server layers. Gateway/server-level redirects take place before a request reaches the application code (and will therefore be faster and less expensive). However, code-level redirects are generally easier to implement.

Protocol redirects

Our projects are HTTPS-ready by default, and we provide free SSL certificates even on free projects.

To force redirect from HTTP to HTTPS: Django, Express JS.

301 Permanent vs 302 Temporary redirects

You will sometimes see online site-checking tools encouraging the use of permanent redirects and even flagging temporary redirects as an issue. It is true that a permanent redirect is sometimes more appropriate, but only when it really should be permanent, and is guaranteed not to change.

Protocol, domain and language directs are 302 Temporary by default. 301 Permanent redirects are cached by browsers - some even update their bookmarks if they encounter a 301. This can cause problems if the redirects change, potentially causing redirect loops for users (which site owners will not be able to replicate).